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Churchill and the Baltic, Footnotes


FOOTNOTES – Part I, Finest Hour #53, p. 13.

1. LatviaSSR Demography of Inhabitants and Distribution by Cities and Regions, According to the 1979 Census, Latvian SSR Central Statistics Board, Riga, 1980
2. From the Treaty of Peace between the USSR and the Republic of Latvia, March 1920
3. Churchill, The 20th Century: Its Promise and Its Realization,” Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Boston, 31 March 1949.  See Churchill, In the Balance (London: Cassell, 1951), p. 45.
4. WSC, speech at Mansion House, London, 19 February 1919
5. War Cabinet Minutes, London, 31 December 1918
6. David Lloyd George, Memoirs of the Peace Conference, New Haven 1937, Volume I, page 214
7. Herbert A. Grant Watson, An Account of a Missionto the Baltic States in the Year 1919, London 1958, page 25
8. Edgar Anderson, “British Policy Toward the Baltic States, 1918-1920,” Journal of Central European Affairs, April 1959, page 275
9. WSC, The World Crisis/The Aftermath, London 1929, page 100
10. Edgar Anderson, “An Undeclared Naval War: The British  Soviet Struggle in the Baltic,” Journal of Central European Affairs, April 1962, page 46
11. Cf. Anderson, page 69
12. WSC, House of Commons, 21 March 1919, Complete Speeches Volume III, New York 1974, page 2724
13. Cf. Complete Speeches page 2821, speech at British-Russian Club dinner, 17 July 1919
14. Cf. Complete Speeches page 2831, House of Commons, 29 July 1919
15. Cf. Lloyd George, page 214
16. Cf. Companion Part 2, WSC to Curzon, 10 September 1919, page 848
17. Cf. WSC to Curzon, 19 September 1919, page 862
18. Cf. WSC to Lloyd George, 22 September 1919, page 866
19. Cf. Lloyd George to WSC, 22 September 1919, page 867-8
20. Cf. WSC to Lloyd George, 22 September 1919, pp. 870-1
21. Wording in all three Soviet-Baltic treaties of 1920.
22. Roche, The New Baltic States, London 1925
23. Cf. Companion Part 2, Wilson to WSC, 16 September 1919, page 852
24. Cf. Companion Part 2, Cabinet Minutes, page 956
25. Edgar Anderson, “The Baltic Entente” in The Baltic Statesin Peace and War, New York 1970, page 128
26. Cf Anderson, page 126
27. Cf. Complete Speeches, WSC in the House of Commons, 29 June 1931, Volume [V, page 5056
28. WSC. The Grand Alliance, Boston, 1950. Y. 695: London. 1950, p. 615

FOOTNOTES – Part II, Finest Hour #54, p. 20.

1. Anderson. E., “British Policy Toward the Baltic States 1940-1941,”   JnL. Baltic Studies XI/4 1980 pp 326-28.
2. Trant, J. P.. Economic Conditions in Latvia. HMSO, London 1935. Pp 10-12.
3. Anderson, op. cit., p325.
4. Maisky. Ivan, Memoirs of a Soviet Ambassador, NY 1969, p32, passim.
5. Eden Memoirs. Facing the Dictators, Boston 1962 p116.
6. Ibid.. p169.
7. Ibid., p186.
8. Churchill. Step by Step. London 1939, p310.
9. Soviet Documents, HMSO. London 1962, Vol III, p329.
10. The Times, London, 2 May 1939.
11. Estorick, Erick, Stafford Cripps, London 1969, pp 171-72.
12. George, Margaret, The Warped Vision: British Foreign Policy1933-1939, Pittsburgh 1965, pp206-07.
13. Gilbert. Martin, Companion Volume Part 3 Volume V, WSC memo on sea power 27Mar37, Churchill papers 4/96.
14. Rhodes James, Robert, Complete Speeches of WSC, New York 1974, Volume VI, p6119; House of Commons 19May39.
15. Davies, Joseph, Mission to Moscow, NY 1941, p440.
16. Estorick, op. cit., p 172, quoting Wheeler-Bennett in Munich: Prologue to Tragedy.
17. Crowe, Jr., David M., “Great Britain and the Baltic States,” The Baltic States in Peace & War 1917-1946, State College, PA 1978, p177.
18. Dunsdorfs, Edgars, Life of Karlis Ulmanis, Stockholm 1978, English synopsis, p611.
19. Crowe, op. cit., p118.
20. Mangulis, Visvaldis, Latvia in the Wars of the 20th Century, Princeton NJ 1983, Chapter VIII, pp80-94.
21. Channon Diaries, D. Dilks, ed., Chips/The Diaries of Sir Henry Channon, London 1967, p258.
22. Halifax to War Cabinet 26Ju140. Cf. Anderson, p328.
23. Root, Waverly, The Secret History of the War, NY 1946, Volume III, p316.
24. Welles, Sumner, Foreign Policy of the U.S.. 1941 Volume I, pp. 182/759-C1, conversations on 15Jun & 10Jul.
25. Parkinson, Peace for Our Time, NY 1971: War Cabinet meeting of
16Nov39, p268.
26. Kimball, Warren, ed., Churchill-Roosevelt Complete Correspondence, Princeton NJ 1985, Volume III, p349.
27. Churchill, Blood Sweat and Tears. NY 1941, speech of 5Sep40, p356.
28. Kirby, David, “Morality or Expediency: The Baltic Question in British  Soviet Relations 1941-1942,” World War II and the Baltic States, State College PA 1978, p159.
29. Eden Memoirs, The Reckoning, Boston 1965, p79.
30. Cf. Complete Speeches, speech of 22Jun4l.
31. Taylor, A.J.P., Beaverbrook, NY 1972, pp474-76.
32. Sherwood, Robert, Roosevelt and Hopkins, NY 1948, pp309-10.
33. Foreign Office Papers N3607/3/78, WSC to Eden 9Ju141.
34. Cabinet Papers WM 67/41 in Woodward, British Foreign Policy in the 2nd World War, London 1971, Vol II pp12-13.
35. Barker, Elisabeth, Churchill and Eden at War. NY 1978, pp233-35.
36. Churchill, The Grand Alliance, London 1950, pp613-6.
37. Kirby, op. cit., p163.
38. Cf. Eden, The Reckoning, pp320-21.
39. Cabinet Papers, WM 17(42), CAB 65/29.
40. Kirby, op. cit., p165.
41. Cf. Taylor, Beaverbrook to WSC 7Feb 42, p510.
42. Ibid., Beaverbrook to War Cabinet 26Feb42, p511.
43. Churchill, The Hinge of Fate, London 1951, p293.
44. Woodward, op. cit., Volume IV, p85.
45. Abel & Harriman, Special Envoy to Churchill and Stalin, NY 1975, p136.
46. Gilbert, Martin, Road to Victory, Boston 1986, p112.
47. Cadogan Diary, 7 May 42, Dilks, editor, cf. NY 1972.
48. Spekke, Arnolds, History of Latvia, Stockholm 1951, p402.
49. Vesillind, Priit, “Return to Estonia,” National Geographic, April 1980, p489.
50. Grigg, John, 1943: The War That Never Was, NY 1980, p180. 51. Kirby, op. cit., p158.
52. Mangulis, op. cit., p136
53. Churchill, The Grand Alliance, London 1950, p615.
54. Barker, op. cit., p235-6;

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